How To Prevent Breast Cancer By Suzan Nwachukwu


Breast Cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in breast tissues. Breast cancer usually starts in the inner lining of milk ducts. A tumor can be benign or malignant. A malignant tumor can spread to other parts in the body. Breast cancer is 100 times more predominant in women than man. For men, risk of developing breast cancer is around 1 in 1000.

Some of the signs of breast cancer are lump in one or both the breasts, change in shape of breast, skin dimpling, fluid discharge from nipple and scaly patch of skin red in color in and around breast. If you have any of the above symptoms, visit the nearest gynecologists immediately. Women can reduce the chance of breast cancer by avoiding alcohol, maintaining healthy lifestyle, staying physically active, breastfeeding and eating healthy.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared breast cancer as the number one cancer scourge afflicting human beings! One in eight women are at risk of having breast cancer in their lifetime, (a diagnosis of breast cancer is made every other minute). Here in Nigeria, most of the diagnoses are made when it is too late, thereby leading to several needless and painful deaths of our beloved moms, sisters, aunts, friends and colleagues.

It has been said that one or two in every 25 Nigerian women are at risk of breast cancer, which makes breast cancer currently the most common cancer in Nigeria. In many cases, there are no obvious symptoms at all, which makes it difficult to detect and by the time it becomes obvious, it is almost always too late and may lead to death.

Studies have proven that Breast Self Examinations (BSE) significantly improve the early detection of breast cancer cases and that is why women are encouraged to examine their breasts every month, preferably a few days after their menstrual periods.

Here are top ways on how you can change your lifestyle to prevent it.

 Eating Green Leafy Vegetables

Dark-green leafy vegetables like spinach provides the best nutrients your body needs to fight cancerous cell. It contains chlorophyll and many more. Include green vegetables in your diet to live a healthy diet.

 Eating Garlic

Garlic contains allium. Allium is very good in exclusively fighting cancer. Garlic and its relatives help in slowing the cancer cell growth. Onion and garlic are extensively used in international cuisines like Indian, Italian,Thai and Chinese dishes. Swallowing a piece of garlic everyday will keep you staying cancer free for the rest of your life.


Physical activity in the form of exercising plays a significant role in lowering the chances of developing breast cancer. In order to bring down the risk of developing the killer disease, women should indulge in some kind of physical activity for 45 to 60 minutes at least five times a week.


Losing Added Calories

Health experts have reiterated the importance of maintaining a healthy weight to keep breast cancer at bay. Obesity has been found to enhance the breast cancer risk, especially among females who have reached the age of menopause.

Prior to menopause, most of the estrogen in the body is secreted by the ovaries while only a small amount is made by the fat tissues. However, following menopause, fat tissues secrete most of the hormones. With more fat tissues, the amount of estrogen produced is high which in turn, accentuates the risk of developing breast cancer.

Controlling Alcohol Consumption

Increased alcohol consumption has been linked with a higher risk of developing breast cancer. The amount of alcohol intake has been directly related to the risk of developing the killer disease at later stages of life. Women who regularly consume alcohol are much more likely to suffer from breast cancer in comparison to those who do not drink at all.


Increasing Breast-Feeding Habits

Mothers of new-born babies have a greater chance of keeping breast cancer at bay as studies show that breast-feeding, if continued for a period of at least one year, might decrease the risk of developing cancer.


Maintaining An Overall Healthy Lifestyle

Despite the fact that the risk posed by established factors can hardly be modified, maintaining a healthy lifestyle by making wholesome health choices surely go a long way in lowering the breast cancer risk.